Genetic Testing Is A Key For People Essay

1456 Words Sep 23rd, 2016 6 Pages
Have you ever known Down syndrome? In the past, when science has not developed, especially medicine, people cannot know why the baby has a lot of symptoms such as congenital heart defects, hearing loss, poor vision, flat facial features, small head and ears, short neck. These symptoms are Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. It is named after John Langdon Down, the British physician who described the syndrome in 1866 (“What is Down Syndrome”). However, Down did not know the reason that causes this syndrome, so he cannot have appropriate treatment for people who have this disease. Today, developing of medicine and a lot of industries such as biotechnology, or genetic engineering help people can solve this problem and discovering genetic testing is a key for people may understand most of the reasons of disease which derived from genetically. Genetic testing uses laboratory methods to look at your genes, which are the DNA instructions you inherit from your mother and your father. Genetic tests may be used to identify increased risk of health problems, to choose treatments, or to assess responses to treatments (“Frequently Asked Questions about Genetic Testing”). Although, this testing has a lot of benefit for people, but it is also a very controversial issue because of the outcome of this testing brings a lot of difficult emotion for people especially a lot of people have a strong family history of cancer or…

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