Sex Trafficking In Nigeria

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Nigeria, located in Western Africa, stretches approximately 650 miles from north to south and 700 miles from east to west (Onyenali, 2013). Nigeria is bordered by Niger and Chad to the north, Benin to the west, and Cameroon to the east. The Atlantic Ocean borders the southern limits of Nigeria (Obaje, 2009). According to Akinyemi and Isiugo-Abanihe (2014), with a population of over 160 million, Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa. It is estimated that more than 200 different ethnic groups make up Nigeria’s population. The majority is made up by three ethnic groups including the Hausas that make up about 21 percent, the Yorubas which consists of approximately 20 percent, and the Igbos that account for about 17 percent (Onyenali, …show more content…
The girls and women that become victims of trafficking are sexually exploited while living life as prisoners. As with many of Nigeria’s challenges, Nnadi (2013) observes that poverty is the main cause of sex trafficking. The lack of formal education and better job opportunities also contributes to Nigeria’s expanding sex trafficking industry. It is estimated, by the United Nations, that 2.5 million people a year are deprived of their human rights and freedoms (Nnadi, 2013). Government recognition of this growing challenge plays a key role in the reduction of sex trafficking. Enacting appropriate legislation, making policy formulations, and supporting other measures are responses by the government intended to decrease the inhumane practice of trafficking. These responses include the Criminal and Penal Codes, the Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Law Enforcement and Administration Act (the Trafficking Act), and the Child Rights Act, and various women-based programs which include, but are not limited to, the Better Life Program, Family Support Program, Child Care Trust, the Women Trafficking and Child Labor Eradication Foundation (WOTCLEF), and the Adolescent Project (Okogbule, 2013). The National Agency for Prohibition of Traffic in Persons and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP), established by section 1(1) of the Trafficking Act, has made progress in the battle against human trafficking. Simon …show more content…
Reducing the amount of MDGs will put more focus on the ones that are most crucial to improving the future for girls and women. Thus, creating a better chance at achieving these goals within a reasonable time frame. The four main MDGs should include MDG 1: eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, MDG 2: achieving universal primary education, MDG 3: promoting gender equality and empowering women, and lastly combining MDG 4, 5, and 6 to include improving all health aspects of Nigerian children and women. It is essential for illiterate women, regardless of age, to receive an education. By creating a higher literacy rate among women, a higher literacy rate among young girls will also be achieved because mothers will be able to teach their daughters at home. This goal can be accomplished by creating schools designed specifically for women. To ensure women attend schooling, incentives need to be in place. One incentive that can be a result of successful school completion is being employed by the school. Addressing the education inequalities and increasing the literacy rate would significantly decrease poverty in Nigeria. Although the Nigerian government has responded to the inhumane act of sex trafficking, often times this act is done in secrecy. The people of Nigeria need to be the ones to take a greater stand on the fight against trafficking by

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