Gender Inequality In Drought

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GENDER INEQUALITY IN DROUGHTPRONE RAYALASEEMA REGION
IN AP: A MACRO VIEW

ABSTRACT
Drought is a serious problem for the government as well as rural people. It is a period of serious economic disaster resulting in acute shortage of water, lack of fodder for livestock, decline in area under different crops, and unemployment. Against this background, the purpose of this study is to study the gender differences in terms of sex ratio, literacy status in Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh. The Andhra Pradesh State, popularly known as the “rice bowl of India”, while majority of the population (62%) for their livelihood depend on agriculture related activities. The State have two distinct geographical regions, Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra, the
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It occurs in virtually all climatic zones, but its characteristics vary significantly from one region to another. Drought is a temporary aberration; it differs from aridity, which is restricted to low rainfall regions and is a permanent feature of climate. Droughts are categorized as meteorological, hydrological, and agricultural (World Bank, 2005). The word ‘drought’ indicates scarcity of water for ecosystems, land and human use, resulting in failing crops, livestock, livelihoods and human health. The table 1.1 indicates that the total Districts declared Drought affected during the period of 2015-6. In Andhra Pradesh there are 10 Districts under drought crisis, they are: Anantapur, Chittoor, YSR Kadapa, Kurnool, Prakasam, SPSR Nellore, Guntur, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, …show more content…
However it is the State Governments that take the decision on the most appropriate administrative unit and the parameters for the declaration of drought. The above table clearly reveals that the total drought affected districts in India. Particularly in Andhra Pradesh there are 10 Districts are under drought crisis, they are, Anantapur, Chittoor, YSR Kadapa, Kurnool, Prakasam, SPSR Nellore, Guntur, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, and

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