Gender Inequality In Africa
The persistence and consequences of intra-household inequalities and biases against women (OpenStax 2015:213).
3. The implementation of neoliberal economic policies. (OpenStax 2015:213). Around the world, women are denied basic rights. Since 2013, the United Nations has been working toward achieving its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). MDGs are eight international development goals used to address extreme poverty. Goal 3 was to promote gender equality and empower women (United Nations 2013).
Not surprisingly, many of the poorest countries in the world are in Africa. Overall, the income levels in Africa have been dropping meaning that Africa is getting respectably poorer. To make matters worse, western Africa saw an outbreak of the Ebola virus, leading to a health crisis and an economic decline. Furthermore, civil wars and corruption in the government has worsens African poverty.
As you might expect, the consequences of poverty are often also the causes creating a never-ending cycle of poverty. In 2007, sociologists Neckerman and Torche said in their analysis of global inequality that the consequences of poverty are many. They coined the term “the sedimentation of global inequality,” which relates to the fact that once poverty becomes entrenched in an area, it is typically very difficult to reverse (OpenStax 2015:215). As mentioned above, poverty exists in a never-ending cycle where the consequences and causes are …show more content…
In 2001, a study showed that malnutrition and disease cause many of the deaths in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Puechguirbal 2003). The Democratic Republic of the Congo has the world’s second-highest rate of infant mortality. “Almost 90% of all child deaths are attributable to just six conditions: neonatal causes, pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, measles, and HIV/AIDS” (Martín 2012:310). AIDS has affected more than 930,000 children. Many children live on the streets with AIDS which increases the spread of AIDS. Access to vaccination is hard because there is no funding for