Gender Inequality And Occupational Segregation

Over the two decades, women’s economic activity has been rose significantly. The gradually increase in women’s social status through their participation in the labor marker has marked a milestone in the history of women. Yet, the women participation rate in employment implies a contradiction towards the gender ideology and occupational segregation. The issue of gender ideology and occupational segregation can be seen as a cause-and-effect that may lead to work and family conflict. Specifically speaking, as women devote more of their time and energy into the labor market, in consequence, they will lessen their time spend on unpaid work (that is originally seen as women’s core responsibility based on gender ideology) and have a higher possibility to suffer pressure from work and problems such as : disproportion of unpaid work and income variation between spouse as a result of occupational segregation. To explore this social phenomenon by targeting the Chinese immigrant women in Toronto, the topic becomes even more worthwhile to address since Chinese immigrants group is the second largest visible minority group in Toronto with a number over 1,324,700 in 20111 and the feminization of labor force has significant impacts on the family structure as well as the development of our next generations. Thus, the research question of this paper is: How do immigrant Chinese mothers in Toronto manage work-life balance? Work and life balance is a subjective definition because it varies

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