Gender Identity Essay

2218 Words May 4th, 2015 9 Pages
Definition:
Gender Dysphoria Disorder was formerly understood by the term Gender Identity Disorder (GID). In this type of disorder, an individual’s biological gender and emotional gender do not accord. This means that an individual of one gender feels at ease with the opposite gender and is at odds with people of his own gender. For instance, an individual who is a male feels that he is more secure and confident with the female gender rather than in the company of males. In other words, confusion over identity or trans-sexualism (as it was formerly called) or transgender (as it is often referred to in current terminology) is a disorder that is felt by individuals who belong to one gender yet identify themselves with the opposite gender,
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Furthermore, gender dysphoria may begin in childhood, as it usually does, persist through adolescence into adulthood. On the other hand, homosexuality is only evident once the individual reaches sexual maturity and understands his/ her sexual preferences and orientation.

Cromwell (2007: 52) states that “Gender Identity Disorder (GID)/ gender dysphoria is a little known but much misunderstood congenital intersex condition, which is clinically diagnosable and treatable. The growing body of evidence points to GID being neurobiological in nature and has nothing whatever to do with fetishistic compulsions or lifestyle choice, with which it has long been associated”. The main reason why the condition was initially and for a long time thought to be a psychological one is the fact that the main conflict seems to occur in the emotional and mental state of the individual rather than any other factor. Only recently, and through intensive hormonal and scientific based testing, has it been recognized that the issue involved revolves mainly around neurobiological circumstances and hence, cannot be considered to be an entirely mental imbalance or illness (De Gascun, 2006).

Etiology:
The exact cause of gender dysphoria has so far eluded medical practitioners. Researchers consider that various elements like hormones of the unborn baby (within the womb), genes as well as social, cultural and environmental elements play a strong role in the occurrence of the

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