Gender Based Violence And Its Effects On African Countries Essay

1252 Words May 11th, 2016 6 Pages
Literature review
This section will review related literature from various sources such as books, internet and circulars. The literature will only look at gender based violence.
Introduction
Gender based violence has been regarded as one of the worst common form of oppression. It occurs across the globe and it has gradually gained international recognition for the past few decades .GBV has become a gross human right affecting all societies, Africa included also. UN Women (2011) indicated that the global rates of GBV are high in developing countries, with some of the most extreme rates in African countries. As mentioned by Sheryl WuDunn, co-author of Half the Sky, she stated that of all the issues gender-based violence was the most widespread .Sure enough, in a country like Sierra Leone, it’s very extreme; it’s a post-conflict situation but rape and domestic abuse happen everywhere. Kristof and WuDunn (2009) alluded that the oppression of women worldwide was "the paramount moral challenge" of the present era, much as the fight against slavery was in the past.
UNFPA Strategy and Framework for Action Addressing GBV (2008-2011:7) indicated that the primary targets of GBV are women and adolescent girls, but not only are they at high risk of GBV, they also suffer exacerbated consequences as compared with what men endure. Bloom (2008:14) on the other hand states that this is not to say that gender-based violence against men does not exist but men can also become victims of violence…

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