Gender And Violence : Sexual And Non Partner Violence Essay
Throughout history, women have continuously found themselves subjects of oppression. Although the treatment of women has drastically changed over time, women are still exposed to much of the violence that exists today. Research estimates that “one in three women globally experiencing some form of victimization in childhood, adolescence, or adulthood” (Garcia-Moreno et al. 1). To varying degrees, women, and young girls are being subjected to physical, sexual, economic and emotional abuse, in all societies, simply because of their gender. Violence against women is recognized as a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women. This type of violence reflects the continual imbalance of power between women and men and therefore, is said to be rooted in gender inequality.
Partner Versus Non-Partner Violence
There are two main categories of violence; intimate partner violence and non-partner violence. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), intimate partner violence refers to “behavior by an intimate partner or ex-partner that causes physical, sexual, or psychological harm, including physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors” (WHO). Non-partner violence is performed by someone other than a husband/partner. Of the two categories, intimate partner violence is said to be the most common type of violence against women, although both are equally as dangerous. Recent global prevalence figures…