Gdsgsg Essay examples

2373 Words Sep 11th, 2013 10 Pages
WORKING IN THE 21st CENTURY
LECTURE 4
Career Theories

KRUMBOLTZ’S THEORY
• Krumboltz (1984, 1990, 1996) describe social learning theory* of career choice based on the behaviour theory of Bandura (1977) • Krumboltz identifies four factors interact to produce the career path:
– Genetic endowment & special abilities; – Environmental conditions & events; – Learning experiences; and – Task approach skills.
SEE PGS 53-58 OF TEXT
* Described in text pg 55
KAMAL KANT, 2013 2

KAMAL KANT, 2013

3

GENETIC ENDOWMENT refers to innate aspects rather than those that are learnt. These include: •Physical appearance; •Race •Gender; •Intelligence; •Musical ability; •Artistic ability; •Muscular coordination; and •Predisposition to certain
…show more content…
hurricanes; earthquakes, etc); •Availability of and demand for natural resources; •Technological development; •Changes in social organisation; •Family training, experiences and resources; •Educational systems; •Neighbourhood and community influences and other social, cultural, political and economic considerations.
KAMAL KANT, 2013 6

TASK APPROACH SKILLS: •Goals setting; •Values clarification; •Generating alternatives; and •Obtaining career information

KAMAL KANT, 2013

7

KRUMBOLTZ’S THEORY
• • • • • • • Define the problem; Establish the action plan; Clarify the values; Identify alternatives; Discover probable outcomes; Eliminate alternatives; Start action.
KAMAL KANT, 2013 8

ROBERT‟S THEORY

• Determinants of occupational choice are the home, environment, school, peer groups and job opportunities.

SEE PGS 58-59 OF TEXT
KAMAL KANT, 2013 9

ROBERT‟S THEORY
• Job choice driven by:
– Distance to work; – Qualifications; – Informal contacts; – Ethnicity; – Gender; – Cyclical and structural economic factors.
KAMAL KANT, 2013 10

ROE‟S THEORY
• Relationship between occupational behaviour and personality. • Maslow‟s Hierarchy of Basic Needs useful framework links occupational behaviour to the satisfaction of basic needs. • Eight occupational groups  service,

Related Documents