Essay on Gastrointestinal Disorders ( Gi )

1246 Words Dec 12th, 2016 5 Pages
Gastrointestinal disorders (GI) refers to diseases that involve the gastrointestinal tract. This is made up of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and the rectum. There are a variety of different GI disorders but the most common are: Gastroeophagel Reflux Disease (GERD), Inflammatory Bowel Disorder (IBD) and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs). Functional gastrointestinal disorders are common disorders that can be seen in any segment of gastrointestinal tract. These disorders however cannot be explained by biochemical or structural abnormalities {{123 Adibi, Peyman 2012;}} In terms of functional gastrointestinal disorders there are six subcategories based on the five anatomical regions and then two more categories for children: (1)functional esophageal disorders, (2)functional gastroduodenal disorders, (3)functional bowel disorders, (4)functional abdominal pain syndrome, (5)functional gallbladder and Sphincter of oddi disorders, (6)functional anorectal disorders, (7)childhood functional GI disorders: infant/toddler, and (8)childhood functional GI disorders: child/adolescent {{123 Adibi, Peyman 2012;}}. Then each of these subcategories have different subtypes that stem off of them. Functional esophageal disorders present with chronic symptoms characterizing esophageal disease that have no readily identified structural or metabolic basis {{124 Galmiche, Jean Paul 2006;}}. Types of functional esophageal disorders include, functional heartburn,…

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