Gastroesophageal Discussion Process

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Discussion Assignment
While eating a meal, your body goes through many processes. One of the processes is known as the swallowing process. The process goes through three deglutition phases. These phases include the oral phase, pharyngeal phase, and the esophageal phase. These phases are all a part of the nervous system and include involuntary and voluntary actions. Many people go through a process called GERD that happens in the esophageal phase.
The first part of the deglutition phase is the oral process. This is when food is placed in the mouth and is moisten from saliva glands. The mastication process is started here by chewing the food that was placed in the mouth. The food is chewed and formed into a bolus. The bolus is then passed from
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GERD has many people suffering from either heartburn or indigestion. GERD is acid reflux and a chronic digestive disease. This happens when stomach acid or sometimes stomach content flows back into your esophagus. People who have heartburn two to three times a week have GERD. Heartburn is a common symptom and it is a burning sensation in the middle of the chest and can also spread the throat area, this is the cause of the acid taste most people encounter. More symptoms include stomach pain, difficulty swallowing, chronic cough, regurgitation of foods and fluids, bad breath, and chest pain. GERD is caused by frequent acid reflux with the backup of stomach acid and bile that has entered the esophagus. The acids irritate the lining of the esophagus and causing it to become inflames. Conditions that can increase GERD include obesity, pregnancy, smoking, dry mouth, asthma, diabetes, and the stomach bulging into the diaphragm. Treatments start with over the counter medication that helps control the acid, such as antacids. If that does not help the doctor will prescribe strength medicine that inhibits the acid. If medication does not help surgery will be the next answer. One surgery will help tighten the lower esophageal sphincter to prevent the reflux from coming up the tube so easily, you can also have the sphincter strengthened with magnetic beads. Lifestyle changes can also reduce the GERD. The lifestyle changes include maintaining a healthy weight, no tight clothing, avoid foods and drink that triggers heartburn, like spicy foods, don’t lie down after a meal, and quit

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