Gary Shelley's Essay: Creation And Development Of The World War

1060 Words 5 Pages
The author of the source, Gary Sheffield, believes that Germany was completely aware that, with their actions and decisions, they would be creating a major war. Sheffield uses case studies such as Germany’s alliance with Austria and the fact that Germany broke a French-Russian alliance to support his view. As well as this, Sheffield states that WWI was utterly and completely Germany’s fault as he states that Britain, Russia and France’s stance in the war was completely defensive, and so, they did not have any hand in the creation and/or development of the war, but only attempted to end the war. Sheffield’s view of the reasons for WWI is similar to that which the Triple Entente used to place the reparations of the war upon Germany in 1918. …show more content…
This wish for expansionism was not confined only to Germany, as many other countries in Europe had colonies in Africa and/or many other places all over the world. For example, Austria-Hungary was a country with huge power in the late 1800s, and similar to other large countries in Europe, it had control over other smaller countries, which they called colonies. An example of one of Austria’s colonies was Serbia, located in the Balkans. Serbia, however, was not happy with the colonization of their country and decided to start a revolution by assassinating the Archduke of Austria – Franz Ferdinand. This assassination brought along a war between Austria and Serbia with Russia defending Serbia. The alliance system was brought into play at this moment when Germany decided to align with Austria against Serbia and Russia. This was a major event in the creation of WWI. Austria and other countries throughout Europe would have used colonies for extra resources and wealth. Often, during this time, countries with many colonies were said to be wealthy and powerful as large areas of land produced resources, such as crops or minerals like coal. Expansionism in Europe during the 19th and early 20th century was a cause of the creation of WWI, and although there were arguments between countries which led to a higher probability of the war beginning, Germany was not primarily …show more content…
The source is correct to an extent that Germany knew that their actions would later result in a war, but without other countries’ involvement, the war would not have been possible. Austria’s expansionism into the Balkans began the issue of revolution and Russia’s involvement into the war. In addition, Britain and France’s involvement to the war could have been minimized if it were not for the existence of alliances. The source may not be embraced with the issue of Russia, Britain and France’s position as being purely defensive considering each of these countries had a contribution to the creation and development of the

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