Garip River Case Study
The Garip basin has been significantly modified to be utilized by irrigation on agricultural lands, urban and industrial demands, and for the use of people. This river basin supplies water demand of 40% of the South African population (Bohensky, 2006). In fact, Africa’s major cereal production relies on the water supply of this river. Consequently, the importance on adequate allocation of demand and adaptive water management for Garip River is essential for the development of Southern Africa.
Water demand management has been considered as a critical tool that is challenged by the pressures of population growth and increase in demand; however, water management is now facing with the pressure of the effects of climate change. Water scarcity, the deterioration of water quality and dramatic changes on precipitation seasons is increasing the necessity to implement scenario planning strategies to mitigate the extensive effects of climate …show more content…
The trade-offs between the ecosystem services provided by the Garip basin and the conservation of its natural stability is a major concern that under all the scenarios any type of ecosystem services is subject to be managed by adequate policy reform to maintain stability. A reflection of this finding is that the Garip is a developing-world basin and for instance policy reform debate whether economic growth or conservation natural resources should be consider on the policy