Essay about Gandu

8398 Words Sep 19th, 2014 34 Pages
What is Microbiology?

Microbiology is the study of organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye. Originally, emphasis was placed on harmful micro organisms which cause disease or spoilage of beverages and food, but it is now recognized that many microbes have essential roles in our ecosystem or can be used to accomplish beneficial tasks. Human history is full of examples of major devastations caused by bacteria and viruses. Some of these historically important diseases still occur, such tuberculosis and yellow fever. Microorganisms are evolving to cause new infectious disease problems such as Lyme disease and AIDS, which capture public attention. Control and eradication of infectious diseases remain important goals of many
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Career Opportunities

Medical Microbiologists investigate mechanisms of disease production by microorganisms.
Diagnostic Microbiologists, through a variety of techniques, search for and identify the micro organisms which cause disease. Determination of antibiotic susceptibility of microbes is another important duty.
Public Health Microbiologists help to control the spread of communicable disease.
Virologists conduct research on the smallest of infectious agents. They study how viruses cause disease in animals and plants, induce tumor formation, and transfer genes between cells. These studies provide essential information for developing vaccines and advances in biotechnology.
Mycologists study fungi of interest to medical, agricultural and food industries.
Immunologists study how beneficial and harmful host reactions occur when foreign substances enter the body, and they generate and improve vaccines. They also develop highly sensitive and specific identification techniques, one of which determines compatibility of organs for transplantation.
Microbial Geneticists isolate, transfer, and determine functions of genes in microorganisms. Through improvement of gene-transfer techniques, geneticists provide great advancements in biotechnology.
Microbial Physiologists study microbial life processes and cell structure. Their results are integrated into many other microbial fields.
Industrial Microbiologists contribute to

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