Future of the Juvenile Justice System
The future of the juvenile justice system is uncertain. There is a struggle to try a find a way to serve the needs of the juvenile delinquents and issue them a punishment for violating the law. In order to improve the direction of the juvenile justice system, recommendations are needed regarding community involvement, law enforcement, courts, corrections, and the private sector. These recommendations address issues that the system is currently facing and offers solutions for the future. A justification of the system is also offered based on the histories, trends and causation theories.
Community Involvement Community involvement is an important aspect of the juvenile justice system. Police form
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243). The Juvenile Justice Prevention Act promoted to the use of community based models for delinquent youths. The community based models place heavy emphasis on families, social services, and community members like clergy, teachers, and elders. These volunteers in the community provide the Wraparound treatment to help rehabilitate delinquent juveniles. A problem with community Wraparound care and other community base programs is that they focus more on the child welfare system instead of the delinquent juvenile. Another issue revolves around the number of evaluations of the recidivism rate of these programs as most evaluations focus on the placement of the juvenile instead (Flash, 2003, p. 523). The community plays a vital part in the rehabilitation of juveniles, especially with the mandates of the Juvenile Justice and Prevention Act. Juveniles can encounter law enforcement in prevention based programs without the creation of a negative opinion of police from this type of contact. Effective prevention programs involving the community can be implemented without fear that contact will create a negative perception of the police for juveniles (Balcazar, Keys, & Garate-Serafini, 1995, p. 243). In both the transitional process and in the community based programs, family ties and volunteers in the community are greatly needed. These members of the community need to be recruited and provided with additional