Fundamentals of Research Methodology Essay
Psychology is a discipline which seeks to study the thoughts and actions of men in a scientific way. Science is a marvelous development in the history of human thought. The American Heritage Dictionary defines psychology as the science dealing with the mind, mental and emotional processes, and the science of human behavior. It defines science as systemized knowledge derived from observations and study. Scientific study is a way of understanding life and developing theories based on what is observed (Simonton, 2009). Psychologists develop theories and conduct psychological research to answer questions about behavior and mental processes that impact individuals and society. …show more content…
*observation and description of a phenomenon or group of phenomenon
*formulation of an hypothesis to explain the phenomenon
*use of the hypothesis to predict the existence of other phenomenon, or to predict quantitatively the results of new observations
*the performance of experimental tests based on the predictions by several independent experimenters and properly performed experiments
If the experiments bear out the hypothesis it may come to be regarded as a theory or law of nature. If the experiments do not bear out the hypothesis, it must be rejected or modified. The description of the scientific method just given is the predictive power of the hypothesis or theory, as tested by the experimenter. It is often said in science that theories can never be proved; only disproved. There is always the possibility that a new observation or a new experiment will conflict with a long-standing theory (Wilson, 1952). The scientific method associated with science, the process of human inquiry that pervades the modern era on many levels. While the method appears simple and logical in description, there is perhaps no more complex question than that of knowing how we come to know things. It distinguishes science from other forms of explanation because of its requirement of systematic experimentation (Simonton, 2009).
There are two methodological