Functions Of Kidneys
The kidneys assist in the internal regulation of the body by performing the following function-
* Filtration - The kidneys remove the end products of metabolism and substances that have accumulated in the blood in undesirable amounts during the filtration process. Substances removed from the blood include urea, creatinine, uric acid and urates. Undesirable amounts of chloride, potassium, sodium, and hydrogen ions are also filtered from the blood. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is amount of the fluid filtered each minute by all the glomerular of both kidneys and is one index of kidney function.
* Excretion - The kidneys eliminate unwanted substances from the body as urine.
* Reabsorption - Previously filtered …show more content…
of Kidney diseases Renal failure may be caused both in the acute and chronic scenarios due to several factors. Historically, kidney disease has been classified according to the …show more content…
Congenital abnormalities of both kidneys can contribute to kidney disease with extreme distortion of kidney structure. Cystic diseases (e.g. polycystic kidney disease, medullary cystic disease) are generally linked kidney diseases that can lead to ESRD later in life.
Individuals born with only one kidney do not necessarily have kidney disese or even impaired function.
People with a single kidney often are unaware that they have only one kidney and lead a full life without decreased kidney