Functionalist Theory : Radical Humanist, Radical Structuralist, Interpretive And Functionalist

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paradigms of research; Radical humanist, Radical structuralist, Interpretive and Functionalist. Meanwhile, Burell and Morgan (1982) categorised these research paradigms into four dimensions in other to provide clarifications of the paradigms in relation to epistemologies and ontologies of research. This is illustrated in figure 3.3 Figure 3.3 Paradigms of Research. Source; (Saunders et al., 2009)

Radical humanist paradigm uses subjectivist ontological view and radical change dimension. This paradigm is more concern with changing the status quo. Radical structuralist paradigm uses objectivist ontological view and radical change dimension to make fundamental change based on facts without any attempt to understand meanings of phenomena in the perspectives of the participants. Interpretive paradigm is concern with understanding of what is going on and explain it but not making any change. This paradigm uses interpretivist view to understand fundamental meanings behind actions of the social actors. Functionalist paradigm uses objectivism view to get rational explanations to actions in a regulatory manner. It is a problem-oriented approach in management research (Burell and Morgan, 1982). It provides practical solution to rational and practical problems e.g. Evaluation study of efficiency of communication strategy.

Research Approaches
The notion of research approach have many dimensions and implications, because of this, much attention is paid to clarify issues surrounding…

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