Three Sociological Theories

1331 Words 6 Pages
In the following essay I will attempt to give a brief explanation of the historical and social contexts from which sociology developed and then an explanation of three sociological concepts namely, Socialisation, Social Stratification, and Social Order and a further explanation of three sociological theories namely Functionalism, Marxism and Social Action Theory and and how it applies itself to individuals and society on a micro level and a macro level.

Sociology has its roots deeply embedded in history, for thousands of years great philosophers as far back as Aristotle and Plato to 17th century Philosophers such as Rene Descartes, John Locke, Thomas Hobbs, Emmanuel Kant, and Jean Jacques Rousseau all sought to understand how society functioned.
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Wright Mills (1959) Mills believed that we should understand and identify the society around us and how it shapes us rather than blaming ourselves completely for our personal failings. According to Mills one of the key ways a person can understand his or her own society is to apply a “sociological imagination” which involves looking at our everyday nature, behaviour and interactions in a different way by encouraging us to take a step back and look beyond what we take for granted. This allows us to see some societal events as products of society rather than facts of nature.Mills argues for example that if one person is unemployed but there are plenty of jobs available then this becomes a personal problem and other factors concerning this personal trouble need to be addressed however, if a larger portion of society is unemployed it is then impossible to explain this in terms of an individual problem and larger groups should then be looked at to explain the trouble which then becomes a public …show more content…
In order for a child to grow and thrive and develop the skills needed to function in society they need their basic skills taught and their physical need met also with the provision of shelter, food, clothing. Secondary socialization will continue throughout life with every new encounter, new experience, new group or institutions where norms, customs, assumptions, and values may differ from our own. According to functionalism, an institution only exists because it serves a vital role in the functioning of society (Coser,1977) If it no longer serves a role, an institution will die away and that these socializations are a vital part in the role of

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