Essay on Functionalism, Conflict Theory And Interactionism

1209 Words Oct 5th, 2016 5 Pages
Abdulrahman Almania
WSU ID. A535D739
10/03/2016

Functionalism, Conflict Theory and Interactionism

In the modern society, there are numerous methodological approaches in sociology. Sociology is the science of society, systems, components of it, the laws of its functioning and development of social institutions, relationships, and community. Sociology studies society, revealing the inner workings of its structure and the development of its structures (structural elements: social communities, institutions, organizations, and groups). As well as patterns of social action and mass behavior of people, as well as the relationship between the individual and society. As the fundamental science, sociology, explains social phenomena, it collects and summarizes the information about them. As an applied science, sociology allows to predict social phenomena and manage. This paper is aimed at the investigation of four different methodological sides of sociology. Firstly, it has to be said about functionalism. Structural functionalism is a methodological strategy in sociology and sociocultural anthropology, that consists in the understanding of society as a social system, which has its own construction and tools of interaction between structural components, each of which produces its own function. The founders of structural functionalism are considered a well-known American sociologist Talcott Parsons, who in his investigation was based on the classic theory of Herbert…

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