Functionalism And The Social Theory Essay

1274 Words Aug 22nd, 2016 6 Pages
Sociology is a social science that studies how humans interact with their society’s as well as the processes that allow those societies to be altered or preserved (Britannica Encyclopaedia, 2015). It does this by closely examining important structures of the societies for example institutions, communities, gender, populations, age groups or race (The Australian Sociological Association, 2016). Sociology also studies social stratification or social status, social movements, along with social change (Britannica Encyclopaedia, 2015). The study of sociology correlates with the social theories ‘Functionalism’ and ‘Weberianism’. Functionalism is a macro social theory focusing on society in which individuals inhabit (Marshall, 2013) developed by a French 19th century sociologist Emile Durkheim (The School of Life (a), 2015). Functionalism identifies all aspects of a society to have a meaning and purpose, the main focus is how different factors of society function to maintain a strong social equilibrium (Germov, 2014). Weberianism is a micro social theory focusing on the concept of agency or the individuals’ ability to make personal unguided decisions in order to suit themselves (Marshall, 2013). Weberianism was developed by a German sociologist born in 1864 Max Weber (The School of Life (b), 2015). This essay will explore these theories and theorists by comparing and contrasting functionalism – Emile Durkheim and Weberianism – Max Weber. This essay will also address how these…

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