Functionalism, Conflict Theory And Interactionism

Superior Essays
Abdulrahman Almania
WSU ID. A535D739
10/03/2016

Functionalism, Conflict Theory and Interactionism

In the modern society, there are numerous methodological approaches in sociology. Sociology is the science of society, systems, components of it, the laws of its functioning and development of social institutions, relationships, and community. Sociology studies society, revealing the inner workings of its structure and the development of its structures (structural elements: social communities, institutions, organizations, and groups). As well as patterns of social action and mass behavior of people, as well as the relationship between the individual and society. As the fundamental science, sociology, explains social phenomena, it
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The social process is shown as a movement in time a number of social events or phenomena certain direction. It dialectically combines change and sustainability, continuity and continuity. The social system cannot exist without the process that leads to some changes. The processes taking place at different levels of the social system: individual, social group, organization, society. The most important features of social processes are their universality and connection to the subject who performs the process. The functioning and development of society there are various forms of social processes. Also, the social process is a series of events or interactions that take place in the organization structure of the group and change the relationships between people or between the constituent elements of the community. Social processes are in all societies and act as ordered form of social interaction. The most important features of social processes are their universality and connection to the subject who performs the process (Ritzer, 2011). Nothing can happen in society outside the social process. The functioning and development of society there are various forms of social processes that characterize the subject-object relations and relations in all spheres of human activity. Furthermore, social process is a succession of states in social systems and subsystems, social institutions and organizations, social change dynamics. In …show more content…
Since the days of Comte 's positivism concept has lost its original meaning: there are at least a dozen different epistemological approaches, consider themselves to positivism. French sociologist Loic Wacquant distinguishes three main types of positivism: Durkheim, logical and instrumental. A variety of positivism, which remains dominant today, is instrumental positivism. This approach eschews epistemological and metaphysical speculations about the nature of social facts in favor of methodological debates concerning clarity, reproducibility, reliability and validity. Such positivism is somewhat synonymous with quantitative research (Outhwaite, 2006). The institutionalization of sociology branch often is credited to Paul Lazarsfeld and had a large-scale case study and develop statistical tools analyze their results. The result of this approach is to create metatheory, to use the terminology of Robert Merton: abstract assertions, the following of separate hypotheses and empirical regularities rather than abstract ideas about how society as a whole. To sum up, everything mentioned above, from my point of view, it can be concluded that Methods of sociological research is a versatile tool for the knowledge of large complex social problems. At the same time, the opportunities offered by these techniques in the art, allow them to use in the work of psychologists, social workers, journalists and

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