Functionalism And Interactionism

1209 Words 5 Pages
Abdulrahman Almania
WSU ID. A535D739

Functionalism, Conflict Theory and Interactionism

In the modern society, there are numerous methodological approaches in sociology. Sociology is the science of society, systems, components of it, the laws of its functioning and development of social institutions, relationships, and community. Sociology studies society, revealing the inner workings of its structure and the development of its structures (structural elements: social communities, institutions, organizations, and groups). As well as patterns of social action and mass behavior of people, as well as the relationship between the individual and society. As the fundamental science, sociology, explains social phenomena, it
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Interactionism is a trend in modern social psychology, based on the concept of the American sociologist and psychologist John. G. Meade. Under the social interaction interactionism understood in direct interpersonal communication, the most important feature which recognizes the individual 's ability to imagine how it perceives the communication partner or group, and accordingly to interpret the situation and to design their own actions. Development of personality in terms of interactionism is happening in the process of interaction with other people in society, which is interpreted as a system of direct communication, and personality structure contains components that enable its activity, as well as control over their own behavior in accordance with social norms, roles, and social attitudes partners on interaction. In interactionism studied the structure of personality, socialization processes, role behavior, the functions of the reference group, and others (Ritzer, …show more content…
Since the days of Comte 's positivism concept has lost its original meaning: there are at least a dozen different epistemological approaches, consider themselves to positivism. French sociologist Loic Wacquant distinguishes three main types of positivism: Durkheim, logical and instrumental. A variety of positivism, which remains dominant today, is instrumental positivism. This approach eschews epistemological and metaphysical speculations about the nature of social facts in favor of methodological debates concerning clarity, reproducibility, reliability and validity. Such positivism is somewhat synonymous with quantitative research (Outhwaite, 2006). The institutionalization of sociology branch often is credited to Paul Lazarsfeld and had a large-scale case study and develop statistical tools analyze their results. The result of this approach is to create metatheory, to use the terminology of Robert Merton: abstract assertions, the following of separate hypotheses and empirical regularities rather than abstract ideas about how society as a

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