Functionalism And Conflict Theory Of Education Essay

1920 Words Jul 16th, 2016 null Page
Conceptual framework
The conceptual framework used to add focus, direction and understanding to this study is taken from a sociological perspective of education. This involves the connection between education and society and other sociological units which bond the social fabric of society and is also said to emphasize sociological aspect of education phenomena (Barkan, 2012). The two sociological perspectives or theories considered for this study are Functionalism and Conflict Theory. It is an assumption of this study that these perspectives would likely presents different implication for the experiences of the social players, depending on how the phenomena engages each individual. These theories were chosen as the theoretical frame because of their conflicting ideologies (see Diagram 2) which casts a broad net on the purpose of education and how education tends to impact society and its members.
Functionalism is believed to place primacy on society over the individual. Durkheim (1956), a known advocate of functionalism, posits that education perpetuates the maintenance of societal homogeneity very early on in children. In other words Functionalism explains how education supports the collective agreements of society. Through social integration, social norms, values and other common understandings are transmitted to maintain social structures within society. Also, education is said to enable the systemic process of “social placement” with the use of identification methods…

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