Functional Literacy And Health Literacy

Improved Essays
What is Health Literacy?
When a person has good health literacy they are able to get their hands on and understand health information, health services and the terminology used in order to make informed decisions about their own health.

What is Health Status?
The health status of a person or group is often determined by their life expectancy and sometimes even a self-assessment of a particular person’s health. The term is used more broadly when discussing physical illness and mental wellbeing of a person.

What is the link between health literacy and health status?
People that lack an understanding of health terminology and, therefore, are not capable of understanding health information and health services are said to have poor health literacy.
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What groups are most likely to have a low functional literacy? ‘A person is functionally literate who can engage in all those activities in which literacy is required for effective functioning of his group and community and also for enabling him to continue to use reading, writing and calculation for his own and the community’s development.’ [UNESCO, 1978]
People that are more likely to have low functional literacy are migrants to Australia and do not speak English as their first language. This is due to the fact that much of what is said to them or that they learn has the possibility of being lost in translation, as sometimes certain things that can be said in English may translate to something completely different in a foreign language. They may also experience difficulty, as they may find it hard to work with others in their community due to the fact that they are unable to communicate effectively what they are thinking or feeling and may not be able to understand what native English speakers are also thinking and feeling. This would make it increasingly difficult to aid in the development of their
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Rural Urban
Similarities
• Government policy focuses on the majority rather than the minority, which means that the health of minority groups are not always well maintained
Contrast
Rural Urban
Differences
• The geographic location means that they are further from health care services
• Health services are either poor or there is limited access to them
• Mental health may be negatively affected as there are not services for them
• Lower levels of education and socio-economic status mean that there is often poorer health literacy and therefore poorer health status Differences
• Higher life expectancy because closer to medical services due to geographical location
• Health services are better as there is better equipment and more medical professionals
• There are better services for mental health
• Access to education in urban areas means a better level of health literacy and therefore better health status
• Lack of facilities for outdoor for exercise
• More elements that can lead to stress and mental health issues in the environment
• Large disparities in socioeconomic

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