Full Inclusion is the theory that children with disabilities, particularly those with learning disabilities, should be placed in regular classrooms full time. It refers to the movement that all students with disabilities, regardless of type or severity, are educated full time in a general education classroom and program. This method would allow disabled children to make friends with “normal” children and be given the opportunity to learn in a stimulating environment, where they can get the “real world” education that they will need to be able to fit into society and flourish as productive members. Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, students with special needs are entitled to a full, free, public education in regular
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Hervey Wilbur helps establish the Massachusetts School for Idiotic and Feebleminded Youth, the first school of its kind in the U.S. This school opens its doors in 1848. Following the opening of the Massachusetts School for Idiotic and Feebleminded Youth, the New York State Asylum for Idiots opens. Pennsylvania now begins funding the Pennsylvania Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, a private school for children with intellectual disabilities, in 1858.
Common Schools emerged as a solution to social problems caused by immigration of non-English speaking children and religious differences between the children of this time. “Horace Mann, the educational reformer of that time, believed that educating children from different religions and socioeconomic background together in an integrated classroom would help children to learn self-discipline and tolerance”(Wright 11). This is the beginning the idea of the full inclusion classroom. These Common Schools were funded by tax dollars. This occurrence marks the influence of government on education. As a direct result of government funding, compulsory attendance laws for schools gave school officials the power to prosecute parents for failure to send their children to school.
Because the schools are now being underwritten by tax dollars, the Department of Education is created in 1867. This is done in order to help states establish effective school systems. “The primary functions of the Department of Education are