Fukuyama's Political Order And Political Decay?

886 Words 4 Pages
In Political Order and Political Decay, Fukuyama discusses how modern developed democracies have acquired various rigidities over time that have made institutional adaptation increasingly difficult. Therefore, all political systems, authoritarian and democratic are subject to decay over time. The reason why they are prone to decay lies with institutions and their inability to adapt and eventually fix themselves (Fukuyama 546). Fukuyama asserts that a system that was once successful and a stable liberal democracy does not guarantee that it will remain one continually. Political decay is bound to occur (Fukuyama 451). Fukuyama borrowed Samuel Huntington’s term of political decay to showcase how institutions failed to adapt to changing environments. …show more content…
As a result, Huntington argues that modernization of a country involves mobilization of masses which increases political engagement. However, this can lead to political decay (Huntington PDF pg. 386). The mobilization of new social groups over time was a result of political decay and the failure of to adapt to changing circumstances, specifically the rise of new social groups and their political demands (Fukuyama 462). Therefore, political decay results from political development, in which the “old has to break down to make way for the new” (Fukuyama 462). However, trying to reform or change the old institutions is not always easy, and transitions can be violent. Fukuyama argues that “there is no guarantee that political institutions will be continuously peacefully and adaptive to new conditions” (Fukuyama 462). Fukuyama discusses that the underlying reason why political institutions are not responsive to the needs of social groups can be traced back to …show more content…
The decay in the quality of American politics has been rooted in the United States has returned to being a state of “courts and parties” (Fukuyama 470). The courts and legislature have seized many of the proper functions of the executive, making the operation of the government incoherent and ineffective (Fukuyama 470). The courts instead of being restrictive with the government, they have become alternative instruments for the expansion of government. Congress has also given strong support to interest groups. Interest groups have managed to capture and control legislators legally. Interest groups have exercised massive influence than they should, by distorting taxes, spending, and raising deficit levels to manipulate the budget in their favor. They have also lured Congress to support their plans and proposals. As a result, this has led ordinary people to feel their “supposedly” democratic government no longer truly reflects their interests, but the importance of the elites. Thus, the spread of interest-groups influence, tend to undermine people’s trust in government. This distrust led to more legal checks and balances on administration, which alters the quality and effectiveness of government (Fukuyama 470). These problems arose in the United States because there was a disparity between the strength and competence of the state and the institutions that were initially designed to

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