Freud's Theory Of Psychology And The Study Of Sigmund Freud

1187 Words 5 Pages
Study of Sigmund Freud
Alexandria Bartels
Front Range Community College

Introduction Sigmund Freud was an Austrian physician whose main study and focus was on psychoanalysis. Before the twentieth century, psychologist’s main focus was the study of the conscious mind. For example, William Wundt the father of experimental psychology studied and experimented on conscious experiences. As the twentieth century approached, many changes to conscious actions such as functionalism and structuralism came about. Freud began experimenting with the idea that we behave the way we do sometimes because of the unconscious mind or from maybe from what is “hidden from [a] person’s conscious awareness” (Hockenbury, 2014). Some of Freud’s theories
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He was the oldest, although he had two older half-brothers from his father’s first marriage. The other seven were from his father’s third marriage with Amalia Nathansohn which was his mother. His mother showed her favoritism toward Sigmund often and called him “golden siggie “(Simon and Schuster, 1999). Both of Sigmund’s parents were wealthy Jews and at the age of four his family moved to Vienna and grew up in Austria, Germany. At the age of 25 he received his medical degree at Vienna University. At the age of 26 he married a young women named Martha who he had six children with. Early in Freud’s career he became good friends with Josef Breuer also a brilliant Austrian physician. Josef made key discoveries in the field of neurophysiology and also worked with Freud on the foundation of psychoanalysis. The two of them published a book together in 1895 called Studies on Hysteria. After completing much work together, Josef ended the relationship because he felt as if Sigmund placed too much emphasis on sexual origins and was not open to consider other viewpoints. Although many of Freud’s studies were revolved around sex, he himself had grown to not be fond of sex. At the age of forty one, in 1897, he vowed a life of celibacy (Schultz, 2004). Three years later Freud published another book called The Interpretation of Dreams which initially sold poorly, but made his name known. Not even a year later, …show more content…
He started the base of all his work with psychanalysis- a set of psychotherapeutic theories. Topographic theory was a theory first brought about in Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams. The theory states that our mental is broken into three stages starting with the conscious, the preconscious and then the unconscious. Later in Freud’s life he replaced this theory with the Structural theory. This is one of Freud’s more popular theories which divides the psyche into the id, the ego and the super-ego. The id is the part of the personality that is instinctual and is the only one of the three that is present since birth. It is our sexual and aggressive drive as well as our wants, needs and desires. According to Freud it is the ‘unconscious by definition” (Bernstein, 2001). The ego is the realistic side of id. The ego is the side of the personality that includes executive functions such as judgment, tolerance, memory, planning etc. It helps us distinguish what is real to organize our thoughts and although it has a lot to do with our awareness, ego is not always conscious. Super-ego is what you internalize from your surroundings. It forms the organized part of your personality and it aims for perfection that includes your spiritual ideals, but also your fantasies, feelings and

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