Freud, S Theory: Sigismund Freud's Pioneering Theories

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Freud’s Pioneering Theories

Sigismund Schlomo Freud changed his name to Sigmund Freud in 1877. This Austrian neurologist, who was the “founding father of psychoanalysis,” qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881 and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at Vienna General Hospital.

After he co-authored with Dr. Josef Breuer Studies on Hysteria (1895), Freud’s subsequent publications and lectures detailed and highlighted his own theories that resulted in the creation of psychoanalysis.

Emotions and the Human Brain

Human emotions evolved because, as hunters, the chances of survival increased. Emotions are instinctive motivators. When victory loomed, a
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a subterranean one). He is probably not clear about any of it. The only trustworthy antithesis is between conscious and unconscious.”
In Freud’s opinion the “unconscious mind” has a will and purpose of its own and cannot be known to the conscious mind (hence the term "unconscious"). It is a repository for socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, traumatic memories, and painful emotions castigated out of the mind by psychological repression.
The “subconscious” is a term never used in psychoanalytic writings. The use of the term “subconscious” where “unconscious” is meant is “a common and telling mistake.” The term is employed to say something “Freudian,” yet, it is proof that the writer has not read his Freud.

In Freud 's formulation, the distinction is important because the “unconscious” is dynamically unconscious, whereas the “preconscious” is unrepressed and can be recalled using concentrated attention.

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The technique started with the recall and reenactment in present mindfulness of a past traumatic, emotional event. Once the past feelings and details were described, subsequent questioning was designed to bring the patient out of the past and awakened to the present feelings associated with the past traumatic event. Since the patient had not experienced any such similar occurrences, the emotional catharsis of inducing the patient to describe those related feelings allowed the patient to realize that present physical pain and mental anguish were associated with the past emotional response burned in the unconscious. Socrates was quoted as saying, “The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the past, but on building the

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