Abraham Maslow

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Abraham Maslow is a humanistic psychologist whose contributions to psychology emphasize more of Humanistic approach to modern Psychology. One of his greatest contributions primarily is on the subject of the human needs. In 1943, Maslow developed a theory of human motivation, which is commonly identified as ‘Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs’ which includes the full range of human requirements to be lead a healthy life (SSI, 2016).
Abraham Maslow proposed that most people have a particular number of needs and motivations, and that these needs and motivations are arranged in a hierarchy. With some needs such as physiological and safety needs being more basic than others such as social and ego needs. Maslow’s ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ is often presented
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For Maslow, the hierarchy is shown to be a rather a progressive development. It is fairly direct in accomplishing the next level of the hierarchy once the needs on the previous ones being accomplished and fulfilled as one starts at the bottom and advances up. In contrary, Sigmund Freud’s work is more scientific, being the pioneer of Psychoanalysis, which is the cognitive study of human nature. He believes that all that inhabits the brain will manifest unconsciously in the individual physiologically. His work is understanding the relationship and role between consciousness, subconsciousness and unconsciousness and what can happen to an individual’s mind at any time during …show more content…
The difference of both theory is Maslow’s has a formula to materialise goals and outcome, but for Freud’s theory, individuals can only hope to understand the subconsciousness and not control it because it lies beyond a certain degree of rational control. Contrasting from from Maslow, Freud did not regard nurture as part of nature of human psychological development. To him, all that resides in the brain will manifest unconsciously in the individual physiologically due to various experiences and events that has happened throughout one’s life.
One of the critics of the humanistic psychology approach of Maslow’s theory was validated as not being scientific as Maslow revealed that he studied and discovered characteristics of self-actualism. Maslow’s theory believe that these people needed to attend to their basic needs first and progressively deal with more complex matters before they arrived to self-actualisation at the top of the hierarchy’s pyramid. I believe this theory is too generic as it is an assumption that cannot be applied to

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