French Imperialism In Vietnam

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Communism was introduced into Vietnam by a man named Ho Chi Minh. Minh was an educated politician who was also a brilliant strategist. His communist party freed the people from French imperialism and united the country. Minh took many of his political ideas from other leaders due to his extensive traveling around the world. Minh had learned of guerilla warfare from Mao Zedong, and took ideas of a communist party from Vladimir Lenin. The communist party appealed to class struggles, as it gave more focus on the oppressed working class. The communist party of Vietnam held a major part in uniting the nation’s people and bringing it out of the control of French imperialism. The struggle to free itself from French imperialism began when Vietnam engaged …show more content…
High taxes were placed in Vietnam, and many farmers did not have enough money to buy the land from the French. As French businesses used the land to their leisure, many Vietnamese farmers were torn away from the land that they had been working on for generations, and forced to move onto French plantations. The French landowners could abuse the people on their land to make a profit as they pleased, “In many places peasant farmers would have to pay up to 60 percent of their crop in rent” (Corfield 31). The Vietnamese were being unfairly treated by imperialists, far in contrast to the communist reforms. Another instance of unfair treatment from the French was that 45 percent of land in the whole of Cochinchina, or Indochina, was owned by 3 percent of landowners, and 70 percent of landowners owned 15 percent of the land (Corfield 31). The people of Vietnam had little claim over the land they worked on, especially the lower peasant class. The peasants working the fields were not the only people being affected, urban Vietnamese were forced to move into factories and mines (Hillstrom 10). Not only from job relocation and occupation loss, but many Vietnamese were angered by the very presence of the French in the country. For example many craftsmen were insulted by the influx of French goods that were being bought cheaply and in large amounts …show more content…
To follow the communist ideals, land reforms brought the government to seize landowner property so it could be redistributed to the people of the country as a whole (Moise). The Vietnamese peasants were benefitting from these reforms, as they were given the land that they had once had before French imperialism. Land reforms were not the only kind that were implemented to Vietnam with the establishment of the communist government. There were two phases of reforms in Vietnam from 1979 to 1985, the first phase was the reforms that set up the country for more reform, mostly abolishing of old policies and creating the groundwork for other reforms in the future. (Vasavakul). These reforms helped bring the Vietnamese into a future of progress and rebuilding after the long abuse and depletion of the country’s economy and resources. The second part of the reforms were called Doi Moi, these reforms were focused on the actual rebuilding of the economy, like the Two-Price act. In 1988, the Contract System granted peasants forty percent of the harvest to keep. Vietnam eventually became one of the world’s leading rice exporters

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