Freedom-Determinism Debate Essay
According to Maslow (1950) we all strive for self-actualisation, which is …show more content…
According to Byrne (1970) who produced the Reinforcement Affect Theory, relationships are formed and determined when one person reinforces the other person directly i.e. operant conditioning. This supports the deterministic view of the debate, as forming relationships are determined by rewards and not by own freewill. Behaviourism therapy on controlling peoples behaviours such as phobic people has been successful, however unethical.
One argument in favour of this deterministic approach in psychology is that it enables the scientific study of human behaviour. Scientific psychology involves manipulating one variable (IV) to see how this determines behaviour (DV). For the behaviourists predicting and controlling behaviour in this way is the ultimate goal of psychology.
If hard determinism is correct, then, there can be no freedom in the sense required for morality and there is no point in punishing or blaming those who do "wrong," since they cannot help it. However, the hard determinist does not think these