Free Trade And Globalization

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Cocaine: A Free Trade Commodity

According to Rachman, over the last thirty years the world has embraced globalization. Merriam Webster dictionary defines globalization as “the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets”. However, globalization has many benefits unassociated with trade and economics, such as advancing the use of the Internet and promoting of education and literacy across the world. While the Merriam Webster’s definition is specific to the economic aspect of globalization, it can be plainly described as how countries interact with other each other to achieve common goals. According to Caldwell and Williams, globalization is unfortunately a double-edged sword. While globalization can encourage positive impacts around the world like the democratization of technology, finance, and information: it can also have unintended consequences, like promoting global crime.
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While American values, like democracy and free trade, has spread across the world aided by globalization, the interconnectedness of things also presents a risk to U.S. national security. The same principles that enable global humanitarians to collect and distribute aid to affected regions, also enables transnational criminal organizations, like Mexican drug cartels, to smuggle drugs into the United States. How has a globalization initiative, like economic free trade agreements, expanded the international cocaine trade in North America? While the North American Trade Agreement (NAFTA) established a free trade area between the U.S., Canada and Mexico, it has also facilitated drugs, like cocaine, to move across its open borders inciting violence in its

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