Frederick Douglass And The Abolitionist Movement Essay

1117 Words Nov 29th, 2016 5 Pages
Frederick Douglass, a former slave from Maryland until his escape, was a national leader in the Abolitionist movement, as well as a social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. Being a strong believer in equal rights, Douglass also advocated for the rights of women, Native Americans, and immigrants. He was also a very talented author who wrote three autobiographies as well as fiction and incisive anti-slavery writings. Douglass was even nominated (without his permission) as the running mate and Vice Presidential nominee of Victoria Woodhull, the first female candidate for the United States presidency, for the Equal Rights Party in the United States presidential election of 1872.
Douglass was born into slavery with the name Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey on a plantation located on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay. Separated from his mother at an early age, Douglass lived with his maternal grandmother, Betty Bailey until the age of seven, where he then was moved to the Wye House plantation, after his mother died he was sent to Baltimore. During his time in Baltimore, Douglass taught himself to read and write from newspapers, pamphlets, political materials, and books; he also taught other slaves on the plantation to read The New Testament. However, the plantation owners were opposed to educating the slaves, feeling that literacy would encourage slaves to desire freedom.
During his time as a slave, Douglass tried to escape many times but failed until he met and fell…

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