Frank Lloyd Wright Prairie Style Analysis

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The Prairie Style

Architectural languages have evolved over the years with some of the most famous including Gothic, Neo-classical, Modernism and Bauhaus. Like other successful architects, Frank Lloyd Wright also made his stamp on architecture by developing his own concept, the Prairie Style. This illustrated essay will discuss how Frank Lloyd Wright developed the concept of the Prairie Style, the key influences and how the principles are represented in the houses he created.

Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) was an American artist of modern architecture who started life in Wisconsin. After the separation of his parents; an obsession occurred with the idea of perfect family relationships and as a result, Wright focussed a lot of his work on
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The Robie House

The Robie House of 1908-1910 epitomizes the Prairie Style. Frederick Robie, a 27 year old engineer and industrialist commissioned Frank Lloyd Wright to design a home full of light and privacy with accessible views of the street. Horizontal lines are important in this architectural language; the exterior walls are constructed of elongated roman bricks to emphasize the straight forms.

Wright was known for creating new and radical solutions for architectural dwelling spaces; he understood the importance of his clients so after receiving the requirements for the development he formed an arrangement of public and private spaces; hence why Wright created a cantilever on the west side of the house giving the living room privacy whilst opening the house and moving away from the boxed-in homes Victorian homes. The Robie House uses oscillating roof eaves, horizontal planes and panelled glass windows to expand interior spaces
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This also provided greater privacy for the residences of the Robie House and allowed the house to appear as part of the surroundings. According to Wright, "A building should appear to grow easily from its site and be shaped to harmonize with its surroundings if Nature is manifest."

In the Robie House, Wright developed a continuous display of clerestory windows allowing natural light into the home; he also used the overhanging eaves to enhance the windows and dominant horizontal notion allowing maximum visual protection.

Frank Lloyd Wright was not only a brilliant architect but also designed many interior features like furniture. To provide a sense of unity, Wright designed all interior and exterior fittings for the Robie House including light fixtures, carpets and furniture.

To conclude, Frank Lloyd Wright was able to develop a strong architectural style of organic forms influenced by geometry, nature and Japanese architecture. After designing more than 1000 structures throughout his career, Wright was able to illustrate strong principles of the Prairie Style in his creations, including horizontal lines and wide open floor plans. After the legacy of Wright 's Prairie Style, many other architects developed similar creations of the popular

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