Piaget's Four Stages Of Human Development

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Cognitive, emotional, intellectual and social capabilities and functioning over the course of the life span from infancy through old age. This is the developmental psychology. Infancy is the period between birth till he learns the language. In few months they are able to recognise their mother by seeing her and show sensitivity to human speech. Even though infants can’t see they show behaviour related processes. If the infants are exposed to stimulus repeatedly they show decrease in response (Habituation). Childhood is a major phase of human development. Childhood start from the age of 2-3 and extended till the age of 12-13. The childhood is progressed by the understanding and using the language. Before child start using the language he start …show more content…
Individual accepts his limit of achievement and either satisfy in that or may loss his hope and become more anxious about unobtained objectives. Strength, memory and skills of an individual diminishes as he grow old but his intelligence does not diminishes. Retirement along with such changes make the old people depend on other both emotionally and physically. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence. He believed that one’s childhood plays vital role in his development. Piaget used four stages to describe development. Sensorimotor stage is from birth to the age of 2 years. It is the earliest stage in piaget’s theory. According to the piaget this is the phase of tremendous growth and changes. During this movement child gain knowledge and experience the world through senses and motor movement. Child go through large amount of cognitive growth in a short period of time when children intact with their environment. In this stage child uses it’s skills and abilities to learn about environment. Infants in this stage understand their environment through …show more content…
Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development has 8 different stages. According to Erikson crisis occurs at each stage of development. According to the Erikson successful completion of each stage results in the acquisition of basic virtue and healthy personality. But if the person fail to successfully complete one stage it results in reduced ability to complete further stages. Trust vs Mistrust is the first stage in the infancy phase in which he is uncertain about the world and to resolve these feeling he look towards the primary caregiver for consistency of care. If he receives consistent, predictable and reliable care he develops a sense of trust and they feel secure even when threatened. But, if the care is harsh, inconsistent, unpredictable and unreliable then he develops a sense of mistrust and will not have confidence on the world around them. Success in this stage leads to the virtue of hope. Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt Is the stage between 18 months and 3 years. In this phase child start physical development and become more mobile, he starts to assert their

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