Four Methods Of Infectious Diseases

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Infectious Diseases
Infectious diseases are spread through four methods of transmission they are
1. Respiratory tract transmission
2. Fecal-Oral transmission
3. Direct contact transmission
4. Blood contact transmission
Respiratory tract
Infectious diseases are transmitted via the respiratory tract and they can range from a mild cold to many life threatening diseases. This is the most common method of transmission of infectious diseases in an early childhood environment.
Germs pass through the air from the respiratory tract of the infected person to another person when they breathe the infected air.
Droplet Spread
Tiny droplets from an infected person or a child from the eyes, nose or mouth get into the air when the person or child sneezes,
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Disease: Cocksackie virus (hand, foot and mouth disease)
Signs/symptoms: Fever, Stomach pain, sore throat, rash with tiny blisters on hand, feet and mouth, diarrhea.
Teacher’s Role: wash hands following schedule, use sanitary procedures and gloves during diapering, toileting and before handling, notify parents and staff.
Direct Contact Transmission
Diseases spread from germs passing from one person’s body or clothing to another person through direct contact. The germs can be parasites, bacterial or viral infections. All kinds of Secretions including urine, blood, mucus, and saliva from infected person can be left on door knobs, toys, clothing or other objects that can come in direct contact with uninfected person and diseases spread. Good hygiene, sanitary practices, hand washing, proper food handling, disinfecting toys can prevent spreading of diseases through direct contact.
Two Common Spread diseases
Disease: Conjunctivitis (Pink
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Teachers’ role: wash and dry all the items contacted by the infected person, use hot cycle wash
Vacuum as for ring worm, have child see doctor, child may return after treatment, if serious problems all teachers and children needs treatment, notify parents.
Blood borne Infectious Diseases
Diseases spread from passing of germs through contact with the blood of the infected person to another person blood stream. Spread can occur when the infected person has a cut, scrapped skin, bloody nose, inside lining of mouth, eyes and is treated by a person with a chapped hands or small cuts and blood can come in contact and infected germs can spread. The major risk this would be child- biting in the early childhood environment. Any child-biting should be handled immediately. Wearing disposable gloves when caring for infected person would prevent spreading. Blood spills should be cleaned up and disinfected immediately. The two diseases hepatitis B and HIV/AIDS may be present without any symptoms or with the symptoms listed below and they can transmit through this method. Contaminated items should be disinfected with bleach

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