Four Functions Of Natural Capital

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Natural Capital is the world’s input of natural assets which include soil, air, water and all living things. It is from this system that humans are able to obtain as well as make possible a wide variety of services. The emergence of this concept in recent decades reflects the fact that environmental systems are key in determining a country 's economic output and social well-being. Natural capital has several categories from which we benefit from such as renewable, nonrenewable, cultivated and human. It is for this reason that we will explore the types, functions, and policies that will protect these categories as well as help build a long term sustainable economy.
Types of Natural Capital
As mentioned above natural capital is the total remaining
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These four functions are known as regulation, carrier, production, and information. Below are the explanations and examples of each by using the Florida Everglades as an example before human development and habitation. The Florida Everglades is North America’s largest swamp; wetland ecosystem and consisted of 18,000 square miles forming a watershed starting in central Florida from the Kissimmee River areas and extended down to the southern Florida Bay until the Florida Keys. Regulation by natural capital is referring to the activities carried out by ecosystems that regulate the environment in a way that provides the biophysical necessities of life. (2)(Page 52). According to scientists nature regulated water flow naturally via seasonal rain and gravity as it flowed from the northern rivers into Lake Okeechobee. The water of the lake then over flowed the southern banks during the rainy season thus flooding the remaining thousands of miles of lowlands to the south of the lake with approximately 450 billion gallons of water annually (3). Naturally the runoff was regulated and flooding was prevented during the dry season, and allowed during the rainy season thus providing water catchment and groundwater recharging for the ecosystem. This in turn helped form new topsoil regulate the nutrients and fertility of older soil through other parts of the wetland by storing and recycling organic matter and its nutrients. Thus providing new vegetation and biomass production that animals thrived and lived on. This in turn created the natural order of special habitats for migration and nursery and maintaining a natural diversity we see in the region. Natural capital’s carrier functions simply refers to those elements offering living and habitation benefits for both humans and

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