Foucault's Discipline And Punish

Improved Essays
Donna Richel Sarong; Kate Dianne Opimo
A Review on Foucault’s book Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
Foucault first attracts yet directly establishes what the chapter is all about through thick description about the process of amende honorable, a violent torture in front of the public experienced by Damiens the regicide on 1757. He has brought us back to that time when the act of punishment is still a public spectacle and is ‘horrifying’. One crime could automatically be equaled to death in a prolonged suffering of consequently cruel methods of execution; contrary to Leon Faucher’s rules for the House of young prisoners in Paris in which rules are highly restrained and controlled. In this manner, Foucault has successfully presented
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The diminution of the deaths to depriving “the individual of a liberty that is regarded booth as a right and as a property” now sets a brand new face of morality that concerns …show more content…
The body represents the physical existence while the soul is something beyond it. There are limits on how you can punish the body just like what happened to Damiens, but the soul allows new possibilities. Through the soul you can know why the crime occurred, the motive of the criminal, and the subject of investigation. Also, it could be possible to consider the criminal beyond the crime done and its punishment. So instead of execution, a possibility of supervision and investigation happens. Thus, the end of public execution is possible since the soul is now included in the scenario.
(3) In the new penal system, power of judgment is redistributed as intensities of the crimes are examined to provide appropriate ‘punishment’
The new penal system has “taken on extra-juridical elements and personnel”. Judges now do not necessarily and automatically give punishment to the criminal unlike before which used to have codified judgments on certain crimes. The criminal act done should be measured through series and meticulous investigation with several agents acting together to ‘judge’ and further lead the sentence – treating the criminal to punish, and/or to obtain cure.

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