Fossil Fuels Essay

1074 Words Apr 8th, 2012 5 Pages
The Crisis with Fossil Fuels

Have you ever thought about where your electricity comes from? What the petroleum your car runs on is made of? What produces all the energy you see?
Coal, oil, and natural gas make up the list of major fossil fuels. Almost all energy produced in the United States comes from burning these highly important fuels. That energy powers almost all of our electricity and all of our transportation. We as the people of this very planet are currently in a crisis because fossil fuels are non-renewable; once they are gone, they are gone. There is no chance of recreating them for more use. To be able to rest easy about losing these fossil fuels, alternative fuel sources need to be found that can substitute efficiently
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It also increases the risk of toxic runoff which can poison surface and ground water sources for many miles. Toxic runoff also endangers surrounding marine life, wildlife, and vegetation.
To reduce our society’s dependence on fossil fuels, we can use some alternative renewable sources of energy like nuclear fusion. Fusion involves the extraction of hydrogen from water and the combination of two hydrogen atoms to form helium. Another source is hydrogen. Most schemes for generating hydrogen are based on the splitting of water using solar energy directly. Hydrogen can substitute natural gas. The last source we can use is energy plants. Active improvements in bioengineering may provide the basis for enhancing the efficiency or redirecting the end products of photosynthetic processes to produce commercial fuels such as hydrogen. There are new innovations in technology that are currently being explored and implemented to help reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. For example, concepts for combining end uses and supply generation facilities to better utilize waste heat are already being employed. These include cogeneration of steam, electricity, and district heating. Future combinations may include the use of nuclear energy to generate heat for coal gasification. With these options we can help phase out our dependency on fossil fuels and find clean and useful sources of power.
The pros and cons of alternative fuel sources have both advantages and disadvantages. For example,

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