Folk Music In Bengali Essay

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Art, Culture and literature form the foundation of a typical Bengali society and a Bengali household without music and literature is somewhat unimaginable. Music is the soul of Bengal and the traditional folk music mirrors the image of rural Bengal. The folk music has its origin as early as the 4th century with the advent of the invaders in Bengal and other provinces of colonial India. Bengali folk music has poetry, drama, epic, folktales, ballads and proverbs etc. The ethnic folk music forms the heart of Bengali culture. Folk music can be categorized in terms of love, devotion, occupation, labor, ritual and philosophy. These folk songs have many forms such as Bhatiali, Bhawaiya, Jatra, Kavigan, Palagan, Jhumur, Meyeli geet, Baromasi and Baul. …show more content…
(Openshaw 56)
Hence the end of the 19th century recorded the Baul traditions through transcription.
The most celebrated poet practitioner of the Baul songs was Lalon Shah (1774-1890) popularly known as Lalon Fakir in Bengal. He was a Baul personified. Lalon had no formal education as such but his songs can educate the most educated of minds throughout the world. Here is an example of Lalon’s profound thoughts sung beautifully in a Baul song:
Ami Kothay Pabo Tare, Amar Moner Manush je Re
Haraye Shei Manushe Kaar
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In the year 2005 Baul tradition was included in the list of ‘Master Pieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity’ by UNESCO and Tagore played an undeniable role in this cultural upliftment of the Bauls not only in Bengali “Bhadrolok” culture but across the borders. Thus riding on the vehicle of transcription and translation the folk culture of the Bauls has spread its essence and spirit around the world. Tagore’s songs known as Rabindrasangeet, baul songs in many, are gaining popularity beyond the borders of Bengal and thus reviving the baul culture among others. That’s why we hear people even across Bengal humming the Baul

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