Focusing on a Sustainable Future: Development Reform in Rwanda

1130 Words Mar 21st, 2011 5 Pages
Focusing on a Sustainable Future: Development Reform in Rwanda

In 1994 Rwanda faced a mass genocide that wiped out one million people, approximately eleven percent of the population. In the wake of this crisis many skilled nationals fled the nation or were brutally murdered by the revolting Hutu Extremist. Even after the return of many of the nationals who fled the nation and billions of dollars in foreign aid and investment Rwanda still ranks among the top fifteen poorest nations in the world today. In order for Rwanda to lift themselves from poverty they need to:
 Concentrate on the education of their large youth population in order to develop more skilled workers in the nation and reduce the shortage
 Reduced the birthrate and
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o Rwanda relies heavily on agriculture especially the coffee industry which is sufficed by unskilled labor. The industry is cyclical and prices can have a large deviation. If the country wants to achieve sustainable growth they need to diversify. Exhibit B exemplifies the reliance on the coffee industry, showing that coffee constitutes almost all of Rwanda’s exports. o Rwanda is invested 90% in the agricultural industry and only 10% in the industry and service sector.
 Rwanda should educate the population about the Truth and Reconciliation Committee and other programs that seek to help the victims of the genocide reach some sort of closure so they can move forward with their lives. o Almost half the Rwandan children lost at least one parent and if children and others in the population cannot forgive it is hard to move forward and concentrate on re-building the economy

Reduce the birthrate
Rwanda is the most densely populated country in Africa, and due to the large population it is hard to achieve universal initiatives through the government since the infrastructure, lands, jobs, and systems in place are inadequate for such a large population.
 There are too many people to feed so it takes an extensive amount of foreign aid to feed the country adequately for even a day. o There is a production shortage to feed the whole population and 60% of the population lives below the poverty line. o It cost over one

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