Flynn Effect Essay

16553 Words Feb 21st, 2016 67 Pages
This article is published in a peer-reviewed section of the Utrecht Law Review

Four Case Studies on Corporate Social Responsibility:
Do Conflicts Affect a Company’s Corporate Social
Responsibility Policy?
Cristina A. Cedillo Torres,
Mercedes Garcia-French,
Rosemarie Hordijk,
Kim Nguyen, Lana Olup*

1. Introduction
1.1. Background and objectives
This article will discuss the different Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues that emerged within
­
four multinationals (Apple, Canon, Coca-Cola and Walmart). There is no clear definition of CSR. In
Corporate Social Responsibility, Legal and semi-legal frameworks supporting CSR Lambooy gives an r o
­ verview of several definitions of CSR.1 The European Commission defines
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It starts
* C.A. Cedillo Torres MA, LLM, Cristycedillo@gmail.com; M. Garcia-French LLM, Mechegarcia10@gmail.com; R.M. Hordijk LLM,
MA, is a researcher at the Molengraaff Institute for Private Law, at Utrecht University School of Law, Utrecht (the Netherlands),
R.M.Hordijk@uu.nl; P.K. Nguyen LLM, Phuong.kimm.nguyen@gmail.com; L. Olup LLM, Lana.olup@gmail.com. The research for this a ­ rticle ended on 30 June 2012. For further information on this article please contact: Rosemarie Hordijk, e-mail: R.M.Hordijk@uu.nl.
1 T.E. Lambooy, Corporate Social Responsibility. Legal and semi-legal frameworks supporting CSR, 2010, pp. 10-12.
2 European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions: A renewed EU strategy 2011-14 for Corporate Social Responsibility, COM(2011) 681 final, p. 6.
3 C. Langlois & B- Schlegelmilch, ‘Do Corporate Codes of Ethics Reflect National Character? Evidence from Europe and the United States’,
1990 Journal of International Business Studies 21, no. 4, pp. 519-539.
4 ‘Japan: CSR, The role of CSR’,
(last visited 15 June 2012).
5 ‘Japan: CSR, Basic conditions’, (last visited 15 June 2012).
6 A.B. Carroll, ‘The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility: Toward the

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