Fluoride And Oral Health Case Study

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This paper explores multiple published articles that have reported results from research conducted case studies displaying the relationship between fluoride and oral health when discussing the fluoride concentration within a public water system. These articles, however, are quite similar in their findings, yet differ in the location the study was conducted in and age groups that were focused on. This paper examines Banóczy (2013), Peterson (2015), as well as O’Sullivan & O’Connell’s (2015) research to fully understand the relationship of fluoridation within public water systems in a discussion of the effects on oral health of their case study subjects.
Keywords: fluoride, oral health, public water system

Implementation of Water Fluoridation
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Tooth decay is a result from bacterial colonization, where a layer of bacteria, commonly known as plaque, coats the teeth and releases acids that ultimately dissolve tooth enamel through the process referred to as demineralization. However, fluoride negates this process by making the enamel more resistant to bacteria, thus reducing the decay of enamel as well as prevention of dental cavities. Cavities have been attributed to the cause of mouth pain, tooth loss, and infection of the gums. More serious conditions, like gingivitis and periodontitis, can occur if cavities or mouth pain isn’t taken care of immediately. This has been the main cause for countries opting out of the water fluoridation. Therefore, a group of doctors provided the Netherlands with a different look at the program by showing that the study done on about sixty patients revealed the ingestion of fluoridated water was attributed to joint pain, visual agitations, and mouth inflammation. However, with many of these possible cases, although rare, the majority of countries around the world soon adapted this effective method for improving oral health. “As of January 2013, 370 million people in 25 different countries, such as the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, were supplied with artificially fluoridated water” (Banóczy, 2013, pg. 48). Next, we will look at a study done by O’Sullivan and O’Connell (2015) to examine the benefits and risks of water fluoridation for older adults. The representative sample of 4,977 people aged 50 and older were taken from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Aging (TILDA), which provided the experimenters with all the detailed information on the subjects’ lives such as health, employment, and social engagement (O’Sullivan & O’Connell, 2015, pg. 59). The subjects were interviewed at their own

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