Florence Nightingale: The Founder Of Nursing

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Florence Nightingale, also known as the “Lady with the Lamp”, is considered the founder of modern nursing. Her achievements have set the precedence of nursing for years to come. Nightingale was born on May 12th, 1820 in Florence, Italy to wealthy English parents. As a child, she was taught history, literature, mathematics, and philosophy by her father. At an early age, she would minister to the poor and ill people in the neighboring village of the family 's home. At 24, she felt that nursing was her divine purpose. At the time, nurses felt that their jobs were insignificant and inferior because they learned through experience rather than formal training. After Nightingale improved hospitals, established the principles of nursing, and raised …show more content…
Nightingale enrolled as nursing student at Lutheran Hospital of Pastor Fliedner in Kaiserswerth, Germany in 1844. She returned to London and took a nursing job in a hospital for an ailing governess. Florence Nightingale did such an outstanding job that she was promoted to superintendent less than a year later. Nightingale became determined to improve hygiene practices because of a cholera outbreak. The unsanitary conditions caused the disease to spread very quickly, but her efforts significantly lowered the death rate at the hospital. The Crimean War broke out in October 1853. By 1854, more than 18,000 soldiers had been admitted into military hospitals. There were no female nurses working at hospitals in the Crimea at the time because of their bad reputation. Despite the lack of female nurses, Nightingale received a letter from Secretary of War Sidney Herbert, requesting her to arrange a crew of nurses to care for the fallen and sick soldiers in the Crimea. Florence Nightingale quickly assembled a group of 38 nurses and sailed them to the Crimea a few days after receiving the letter. The troop went to Scutari, which was the British base hospital in Constantinople. The hospital was on top of a cesspool that …show more content…
Its purpose was to give advice on nursing to those who were taking care of others rather than acting as a guide or textbook. Notes on Nursing was written when there were no guidelines to healthcare, so it truly acted as a rule book. The book covers topics crucial to nurses today such as cleanliness, confidentiality, assessment, quality and safety. Joan Quixley, the former head of the Nightingale School of Nursing, stated, "The book astonishes one with its relevance to modern attitudes and skills in nursing, whether this be practiced at home by the 'ordinary woman ', in hospital or in the community”

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