Five Basic Needs

1047 Words 5 Pages
The article entitled “Our Five Basic Needs: Application for Understanding the Function of Behavior” by Laura M. Frey and Kathi Wilhite, discusses the five basic human needs: survival, belonging, power/self-worth, freedom, and fun. The basic need of survival is rooted in our need to survive as a species This includes our physical needs such as food, shelter, and security. In a school setting, a student’s survival needs may include their access to adequate food, sleep and basic health care. Frey and Wilhite state, “Students preoccupied with home issues, absenteeism, academic challenges or personal issues are less likely to thrive in the educational world.” Another need described in the article is belonging. Belonging is our need to feel loved …show more content…
Students who have not had this need met can experience behavior and academic challenges. Power/self-worth is another basic need discussed in the article. Frey and Wilhite describe power as a person’s “need to be able, to be capable.” In the classroom, a student’s need for power may be met by making choices about their education, contributing to class activities, and developing a sense of pride in their work. Another basic need described in the article is our need for freedom. Our need for freedom includes our need to be feel independent and express our autonomy. Freedom in the classroom environment may be the ability to move around the room as you need, choosing which assignment you begin with, or having the ability to openly share your thoughts and feelings. Students who do not have this need met can be labelled as “misfits” or feel stuck, which can lead to inappropriate behavior. The final basic need described in the article was fun. The need for fun is to simply find enjoyment in what you are doing. Students who are actively engaged and enjoy what they are learning are less likely to exhibit unwanted behaviors in the classroom. Additionally, teachers that create a positive environment in their classrooms build a positive rapport with their …show more content…
For example, a student’s refusal to do work because they do not know how to do the activity is related to the need of power/self-worth. The student is unable to meet their need of self-worth because they are unable to develop a sense of achievement. Included in the final section are two tables. Table 1 illustrates the five basic human needs as a source of function and the sequence to improve behavior. Table 2 gives examples of challenging behavior and their relation to basic human needs that need to be

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