James Ortega Research Paper

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For this report I chose to write about a male three year old toddler named James Ortega, who I know very well. I interviewed his parents to obtain a deeper grasp of James that my observations throughout his life may have missed. The toddler is half Mexican on his mothers and half Salvadorian on his fathers. James has no siblings as he is the only child in his household. He lives with both his parents in a house that is in an upper middle class neighborhood. Both his parents are employed, his father is a psychiatrist and his mother is a neonatal registered nurse. Despite having two working parents James does indeed spend a large amount of time with his parents and only goes to preschools in the mornings. In the rest of this report I will relate James to Piaget’s Cognitive …show more content…
This stage marks the beginning of primitive mental reasoning, and is broken down into two substages called: The Symbolic Function Substage (Ages 2-4) and The Intuitive Thought Substage. The Symbolic Function Substage (4-7). During the symbolic function sub stage children are able to represent objects that are not present such as in a drawing or picture, they also begin to engage in pretend play. There are still two limitations during this stage called egocentrism and animism. Egocentrism describes a child’s inability to distinguish between one’s perspective and another. Animism is when children attribute life like qualities to inanimate objects. In the Intuitive Thought Substage children engaged in primitive reasoning, and begin to ask many questions. During preoperational thought children still have limitations which include a lack conservation and centration. Conservation is being aware that altering an objects appearance does not change its basic qualities and centration, gives them a one sided point of view. The third stage is Concrete Operations

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