During Castro’s 30 year reign over Cuba his aims were to take immediate steps to solve the problems of the land, industrialization, housing, unemployment, education and the people’s health*. However, before determining the extent of his success in achieving those aims, they must all be assessed along with the underlying factors that may have prevented him from achieving those aims.
Castro’s most valiant and probably only real lasting successes came from his health care policies and his strong push for educational reform and literacy improvement. Due to the policies implemented by Castro, by the mid 1970s, Cuba’s health care was number one in Latin America. A specific policy put in place by Castro forced doctors and medical residents to
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In regards to foreign relations, specifically with the U.S., I believe this is where Castro had his greatest failure. From the very beginning of his reign, Castro’s had been very ostentatious with his policy, more or less, toward the United States; he wanted Cuba to reduce their economic dependence on the U.S. which in turn led to political complications between the two countries. It also didn’t help him when he seized land owned by the U.S. in 1950-60. This led to the 1961 embargo that is still in place today which I believe initially took a greatly negative toll on Cuba’s economy. This mixed in with Castro declaring Cuba Socialist, aligning with the soon-to-falter Soviet Union and the complete failure of the non-alignment movement led to many failed successes and really prevented him from achieving his political and economic aims.
After assessing his aims, I believe Castro was successful to the extent that he improved Cuban health care and education and was somewhat able to sporadically improve the economy. On the other hand, his economic pursuits were what Cuba needed, but his political pursuits such as the 3rd world movement, Soviet alignment and his quest to completely outlier the U.S. hindered those economic opportunities. Ultimately, his