Feudalism And Feudalism

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Feudalism, simply put, was the relationship between a lord and a vassal that changed the way of life during the Middle ages. The relationships between the classes of people. There was no clear hierarchy of who owed service to whom between king, lord, knight, or serf. For example a serf might serve any of these others or a knight might serve a king, but there was no direct level of power except between the vassal and his lord (the giver of property). Feudalism also changed the way England was ruled, the papacy and religious reform, and sparked the crusades. Feudalism was a custom of the Middle ages, it began after the collapse of the Roman Empire. It developed around the 8th century and reached it’s peak and began to decline in the …show more content…
He claimed to be the successor of King Edward who had died. The English people ignored his claims and elected a new king. William then laid his stake down by defeating the new king at the Battle of Hastings. In order to keep his reign he had to be sure to dominate any other head that would challenge him. He did this by laying claim to the land and rewarding his Norman followers with fiefs and in return they gave him their loyalty and a portion of their revenues. William enjoyed powers in England that he would not have enjoyed in Normandy: he was able to coin money and only this money was allowed to circulate. He also inherited many other rights such as collecting land tax, supervising justice in royal courts, and the ability to raise an army. He also had the Anglo-Saxon sheriffs that helped administer and enforce these rights. These rights were inherited by William’s successors as well (261). William was able to consolidate England. His great grandson, Henry II reigned from 1154-89. He created an alliance with the ruler of Aquitaine, Eleanor, and married her. “As a result, England found itself integrated into the political and cultural world of the Continent in unprecedented ways” (285). Henry II restored and extended the reach of his grandfather’s administration. He ordered juries that would report major crimes and empowered them to investigate civil cases. “He also made it …show more content…
This opportunity was the recruiting a mercenary force from Pope Urban II, who was pope from 1088-99. He hoped to get a few thousand troops, but received instead an army of 100,000 men. Alexius’ request was met loosely by Urban and recruited knights by telling them they would be crusaders if they would liberate the Holy Land from the Muslims. This would save them from from their damnation because they would be “fighting or dying in the service of Christ and win absolutions for his sins” (272). This was not the intended outcome Alexius envisioned since it further declined the commerce of Byzantine and further lessened their power. The consequence of this first crusade has been long-lasting and lasted into the twenty-first century with the Christian and Islamic doctrines of holy war. The crusades led to the unity in the western

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