Case Study: Fetal Abnormality

Improved Essays
Analysis of Case Study: Fetal Abnormality
Introduction
While a fetus is developing in the womb, there are different perspectives raised regarding what constitutes a moral being at the time. Some argue that a fetus at the stage cannot be considered a moral being because they are not aware of what is taking place while to others; the fetus is already a being because it has life. Different bioethicist theories have also been developed to understand fetus developments and these theories are used by different stakeholders while providing directions on how to handle the developments of the fetus. The paper examines the different bioethical theories as they are applied to the case study scenario.
The Theory (ies) being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria
…show more content…
This aspect can be seen from the observation that Jessica believes all life is sacred and should not be destroyed. When it comes to Marco, he is using a moral agency bioethical theory and this can be seen from the fact he is willing to support Maria on whatever decision she is willing to make. The moral agency theory states that the moral status is obtained when the individuals have the capacities to make judgments related to wrongness or rightness (Beuchamp and Childress, 2001). Accordingly, Marco is of the view that the fetus has not yet developed the capacity to make wrongful or rightful judgments and that Jessica can make the right decisions for the fetus. Like Jessica, Maria is also using the sentience theory of bioethics and this is because she feels the fetus is alive like any other human being and should not be destroyed. Consequently, she is encouraging Jessica to see the pregnancy to the full term. Lastly, Dr. Wilson is using the cognition bioethical theory and this is due to the fact that he considers abortion as a medically and scientifically acceptable alternative for Jessica (Beuchamp and Childress, 2001). The cognition bioethical theory states that cognition properties such as awareness, thinking, and understanding are what constitute a moral being. Because Dr. Wilson believes the fetus has a probability of developing Down syndrome which will interfere with some of these properties in addition to the lack of arms, he feels that abortion should be performed (Beuchamp and Childress, 2001). Overall, the different stakeholders apply the various bioethical theories while determining the moral status of the

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Opposing this principle of nonmaleficence in the film is the principle of autonomy or individual rights. Respect for autonomy advocates that each individual has the right to choose their own course of action, which should be respected by others (Barber, 2014). Respect for autonomy was supported by the RN in the film because she respected the mother’s choice to undergo an abortion. After the abortion fails…

    • 1229 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This relates back to cases like that of Tabita Bricci. Her unborn child has wishes to be born healthy, yet Bricci’s religion alters the safety of the child. Munson states, “[I]t could be argued that, even though the fetus is not a person, it is a potential person, and thus is a significant and morally relevant property, /…/, because the fetus can become a person, abortion does present a moral problem” (Munson, p. 456). Therefore, determining the status of the fetus as a person relates to how it is view and acted…

    • 785 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    hES cell research and abortion Abortion is defined as termination of pregnancy. Induced abortion is based on a decision made by the mother (unwanted pregnancy) or the doctor due to certain medical conditions. In our point of view the ES cell it is similar to contraceptives rather than the abortion. To explain this we have to highlight the fact that implanted contraceptive devices works by many mechanisms to prevent pregnancy, one of them is that they thickened the endometrial to prevent implantation of the zygote. So as long as these contraceptives are considered ethical the ES cell research also should be ethical 9. to ensure the difference between abortion and ES cell research we have to demonstrate the justification of each.…

    • 1297 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The separation between morally acceptable and morally wrong makes it difficult for individuals to generate a potential decision of whether or not an abortion is permissible. Special cases change the structure in which a moral decision can be made as failed contraception was implemented to tilt the balance of a moral decision. Also, special cases that involve the mother and fetus give added tension of determination of life and to who has the rights to live. Thomson’s challenge of morality enables us to examine abortion from different views. It is not of how life beings, but when life…

    • 1028 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are a few ethical features in play here, mainly, the right to life, attitudes towards disabilities and the autonomous decision of the mother. Autonomy is the moral right to make decisions on how one wants to plan and act in their life. This is her body and has the right to make this autonomous decision on her own. The main ethical dilemma in this case is whether or not testing positive or carrying the gene for Huntington’s disease a justifiable reason for abortion. The pro-life view states that the fetus has the same right to life as an adult human being (they are equivalent in terms of ethical status).…

    • 898 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What Is Abortion Ethical?

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In this case, abortion is considered to be a reasonable procedure because the mother would have to be alive to keep the fetus alive. When it comes down to direct abortions, this principle brings up the moral dilemma on if the fetus has rights. Pro-life individuals believe that the fetus has rights and destroying the infant is an attack on the fetus’s rights. Then this principle is a way of proving direct abortions to be unethical because the second condition will not be verified. The agent would have to only intend the good effect and not the evil one.…

    • 1095 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    However, as seen, along with this negative side of the prenatal testing, there are many positives for potential mothers. The argument then swings to who decides if a pregnant person should do the testing. Who decides what a pregnant person does with the results of the test? Should genetic counselors be more direct in their recommendations after positive tests, despite the limitation of doing so because of their professional value which prevents them from not being direct? In the end, who truly decides the fate of the fetus/potential child- the potential mother or all who have influenced…

    • 1340 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The NIPT should not be done on expecting mothers who are considered a high risk or already been tested for Down syndrome because it will present a false positive stating that the baby could have Down syndrome. According to Merryn Ekberg (2007) article, “the greatest benefits gained from prenatal genetic testing are the prevention of the birth of the child with chronic genetic disease and offering prospective parents a degree of liberation from reproductive risks.” (p. 67) The most important benefits of the prenatal genetic testing include: giving the mother the opportunity, or option to have an abortion, if there is any degree of being at risk in reproduction; it prevents the mother from giving birth to a child who is special needs and medically fragile; and it prevents emotional distress and financial struggle of giving birth to a child with genetic issues, or health conditions. It also gives the mother the opportunity to prepare or plan for the future of the child’s needs. There are several risks to having the prenatal genetic testing done which can include: the intervention of private lives, reproductive freedom loss, and discrimination of disability, sexual, racial conditions, and wrongful deaths. “With over 8000 single gene defects that affect at least 1% of the adult population, the demand for prenatal genetic testing is rapidly increasing.” (Ekberg, Merryn (2007), p. 68)…

    • 1170 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If we continue to stop abortions than we really can help others who can’t have children. A woman should not have the right to abort her child because it can cause medical complications, the abortion can have a mental impact on the mother, and she has other options like putting the child up for adoption. Individuals nowadays exploit fetus removal and manhandled it and utilize it as a contraception. Fetus removal is a "war against the unborn" ( ) and should keep the baby unless a threatening matter happens. The individuals who choose to have abortions are mainly minors or young ladies with poor beneficial experience to see completely what they are…

    • 790 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Birth control also lowers the risk of unplanned pregnancy and abortions. Many abortions can be prevented if people used their heads. I am not pro abortion or am I for abortion either. I feel that some have reasons for their choice in having one and that their live is theirs. But I do feel as a baby anysize in the womb are babies and we should realize that we are making a life whether in the heat of the moment or not and if we do not intend to care for a child we need to take all measures to insure that we are protected so that "accidents" may not happen.But not only for pregnancy reasons, birth control pill has benefits to a woman 's menstrual cycle and helps lower some types of cancer.…

    • 786 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays