Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Case Study

1566 Words 7 Pages
Introduction If I was out to dinner with my pregnant friend who was in her second trimester and ordered a glass of wine, after raising concerns about how dangerous alcohol is for the developing fetus with her reply being “My doctor told me it was okay to have a glass of wine once in awhile.” The advice I would give her would be to not drink any amount of alcohol during her pregnancy. I would go on to explain to her what fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is, what is happening developmentally for the fetus in each stage of the trimesters, the negative effects alcohol has on the fetus, the long-term effects it creates, and how that is not fair for the unborn fetus who has no say.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) I would first
…show more content…
Arnett (2016) describes a trimester as being a three month period of prenatal development, that means there are three different trimesters a pregnant woman goes through. After 3 months, the average sized fetus weighs about 3 ounces and is 3 inches long. Towards the end of the third month, the genitals have formed. Once the genitals are formed, they give off hormones that guide the rest of prenatal development, such as brain organization, body size, and activity level. The heart has been developed enough so that the heartbeat can now be heard through a stethoscope at this time. During the second trimester, the fetus becomes active and begins to react to its surroundings (Henrichs et al., 2010). Towards the end of the fourth month, the mother starts to be able to feel the fetus move. Slowly, over the time of the second trimester the fetus starts to breathe amniotic fluid in and out, kicks, turns, and hiccups, and can even suck its thumb. The fetus also responds to sounds, such as voices. Along with all of that, a slimy white substance called vernix covers the skin, its purpose is to protect their skin from chapping in the womb, and soft hair called lanugo helps the vernix to stick to the skin. The biggest challenge the fetus faces in the beginning of the third trimester is the immaturity of the lungs, which …show more content…
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is not just a momentary condition, it lasts the entire lifespan of the baby born with it. Infants that are born with FASD face a lifetime of complications based on the amount of alcohol their mothers drank during pregnancy, the more they drank relates to their disabilities likely to be worse. In childhood and adolescence, their cognitive shortage makes it really hard for them to be successful academically or socially in school. In adolescence, FASD increases the risk of delinquency, alcohol and drug abuse, and depression and other mental health problems (Arnett, 2016). These are pretty serious consequences this child will have to live with the rest of their lives. School is already challenging enough with getting good grades and making friends, but FASD makes it even harder for these kids with the deficiency they have in their cognitive abilities. Being more aggressive is another challenge they are faced with that they will have to learn to handle which is not an easy thing to do. This affects the mothers as well because they are going to have to be taking extra care of this child for longer and this child will likely need more help in school and more assistance throughout life, which if the mother would not have consumed alcohol, they probably would not

Related Documents